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Hemorrhoid Embolization – Procedures

What is Hemorrhoid Embolization?


Hemorrhoid embolization, also known as hemorrhoidal artery embolization (HAE), is a minimally invasive medical procedure designed to treat symptomatic hemorrhoids.

During the procedure, a catheter is inserted into the blood vessels supplying the hemorrhoids, and embolic agents (such as small particles or coils) are injected to block the blood flow to the affected veins.

By reducing blood supply to the hemorrhoids, the procedure aims to alleviate symptoms such as bleeding, pain, and discomfort.


Who is a Good Candidate for Hemorrhoid Embolization?

Good candidates for hemorrhoid embolization typically include individuals who:

Have Symptomatic Hemorrhoids: Experiencing persistent symptoms such as bleeding, pain, or discomfort.

Failed Conservative Treatment: Have not found relief from conservative measures like dietary changes, fiber supplementation, or topical treatments.

Wish to Avoid Surgery: Prefer a minimally invasive alternative to traditional surgical procedures for hemorrhoids.

Seek Outpatient Treatment: Prefer a procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis with a shorter recovery time.

Have No Severe Medical Conditions: Are generally in good health without significant medical complications.

Are Not Pregnant: As pregnancy can affect the stability of hemorrhoids, the procedure is usually not recommended during pregnancy.

Do Not Have Severe Hemorrhoidal Prolapse: The procedure is most effective for internal hemorrhoids and may not be suitable for severe prolapse.

Desire Symptom Relief: Seek a solution to alleviate symptoms such as bleeding, pain, or
discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Understand the Procedure: Have been adequately informed about the procedure, its benefits, risks, and potential outcomes.

Are Committed to Follow-Up: Willing to attend follow-up appointments to monitor progress and address any concerns.


FAQ’s on Hemorrhoid Embolization:

Q. Is Hemorrhoid Embolization Painful?
A. The procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia, and patients may experience mild discomfort during and after the procedure.

Q. How Long Does the Procedure Take?
A. The procedure usually takes about 1 to 2 hours, although individual cases may vary.

Q. Is Hemorrhoid Embolization Effective?
A. Studies have shown that hemorrhoid embolization can be effective in reducing symptoms and improving quality of life for many patients.

Q. What Is the Recovery Time?
A. Most patients can resume normal activities within a few days to a week, with minimal downtime.

Q. Are There Risks Associated with Hemorrhoid Embolization?
A. As with any medical procedure, there are potential risks, including infection, bleeding, or allergic reactions. Complications, however, are rare.

Q. Can Hemorrhoids Recur After Embolization?
A. While recurrence is possible, hemorrhoid embolization has shown long-term effectiveness in symptom relief for many individuals.

Q. Can Hemorrhoid Embolization Be Repeated?
A. In some cases, a repeat embolization may be considered if symptoms persist or recur.

Q. Is Hemorrhoid Embolization Covered by Insurance?
A. Coverage may vary, and it’s advisable to check with insurance providers regarding specific coverage for hemorrhoid embolization.

Q. When Can I Expect Symptom Improvement?
A. Symptom improvement varies among individuals, but many patients experience relief within a few weeks to months.

Q. Can Hemorrhoid Embolization Be Done on an Outpatient Basis?
A. Yes, the procedure is often performed on an outpatient basis, allowing patients to return home on the same day.


Facts and Statistics on Hemorrhoid Embolization:

Effectiveness: Hemorrhoid embolization has been shown to be effective in approximately 80-90% of cases, providing relief from symptoms.

Safety: The procedure has a high safety profile, with a low incidence of serious complications.

Recurrence Rates: Recurrence rates after hemorrhoid embolization are relatively low compared to some traditional surgical interventions.

Patient Satisfaction: Many patients report high levels of satisfaction with the procedure due to its minimally invasive nature and effectiveness in symptom relief.

Global Usage: Hemorrhoid embolization is performed worldwide and is increasingly recognized as a viable alternative to surgery for selected patients.


It’s important to note that individual responses to hemorrhoid embolization may vary, and consultation with our physicians is crucial to determine the most suitable treatment based on individual health conditions and preferences.


Please contact the Vascular Institute of Ohio friendly office staff for an appointment or consultation with one of our physicians.